威尼斯人澳门官网

George Mason University

Research

威尼斯人澳门官网george mason university conducts research that goes beyond the desire to know and understand; we want to make a difference. research is vital to expanding our knowledge, sparking new ideas, and developing innovative techniques that have an impact on society, the economy, and the environment. it’s a critical part of the university’s purpose and mission.

Katayoun Neshatpour, PhD candidate at Mason, researches sustainable computing with Houman Homayoun,

39 PhD Programs

mason had 2,098  students enrolled in spring 2019. we also had 6,964 master's students enrolled in our 89 .


 

Historic book by John Locke in Mason's Fenwick Library.

$5.8M for Humanities

Mason is the eighth-highest recipient of funding威尼斯人澳门官网 from the  in the past decade.


 

portrait of Feitian Zhang

威尼斯人澳门官网feitian zhang

Coronavirus Impact

Professors Find Innovative Ways to Continue Research

威尼斯人澳门官网mason recently suspended almost all research activities conducted in its labs and facilities amid the coronavirus outbreak, but innovative researchers are finding ways to continue their work remotely. they include:

  • Bioengineering's Siddhartha Sikdar, whose team is investigating a new way to operate prostheses using ultrasound waves to sense muscle activity. 
  • Civil Engineering's Dave Lattanzi , whose team is working on the “digital twin,” a virtual model that changes as U.S. Navy ships age to track their lifecycle.
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering's Jill Nelson is studying algorithms for making intelligent decisions about how to allocate resources in sonar surveillance systems.
  • Systems Engineering and Operations Research's Lance Sherry, whose team is studying air medical services,  artificial intelligence, and climate change modeling.
  • Bioengineering's Remi Veneziano, whose team is using DNA nanotechnology to develop vaccines that could fight viruses such as the coronavirus.
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering's Feitian Zhang, whose team is creating robotic fish with sensors to collect data on algae, oxygen content, and oil in waterways.

Read more about their research.


 

Siddhartha Sikdar in the lab with a prosthetic

​bioengineering professor siddhartha sikdar, director of the center for adaptive systems of brain-body interaction (casbbi), works with a prosthesis. casbbi uses cutting-edge ultrasound technology to help people gain greater control of prosthetic devices for their arms, hands, and legs.

Varied Fields Work Together to Find All-Encompassing Solutions

mason encourages the creation of multidisciplinary teams. we know researchers in different disciplines can collaborate to find solutions more quickly, and open pathways to other possibilities. the university leverages the power of these collaborations in such areas as:

  • The  takes a multidisciplinary approach to develop technologies to predict, prevent, treat and eradicate disease and improve care.
  • The  conducts integrative research in the natural, social, computational, and data sciences, engineering, and humanities.
  • The Institute for Digital InnovAtion will incubate new digital products and services. IDIA will be in a new 400,000-square-foot facility at the Arlington Campus.
  • The  unites scientists, engineers, and health care professionals to research ways to improve the quality of life of people with disabilities.
  • The 's physicists, engineers, and data scientists use artificial intelligence and machine learning to design new quantum materials.
  • The  equips investigators with state-of-the-art expertise, methods, tools, and technologies to combat transnational crime.

 

Nationally Recognized Experts Lead Cutting-Edge Research

mason is advancing knowledge across all disciplines. our researchers' discoveries change lives and change the world. some examples:

Komodo Dragon Blood Could Hold Key to Cures

portrait of Barney Bishop, researcher at Masonportrait of Monique Van Hoek, researcher at Mason

  •   and  created a new way to kill antibiotic-resistant bacteria while spurring the body’s cells to heal cuts faster by researching the germ-fighting abilities of Komodo dragon blood. The  (DTRA), a federal body, funded the work through a $7.57 million contract. The study's goals were to discover new bacterial infection-defeating compounds in the blood of Komodo dragons and the crocodilian family of reptiles, which includes American alligators. These reptiles eat carrion and live in bacteria-rich environments but rarely fall ill, suggesting they have strong innate immunity. The  in the -partner journal . In August 2019, they and their collaborators , revealing multiple clusters of antimicrobial peptide genes that could prove instrumental in the fight against multi-drug resistant bacteria.

 

Getting Guidance from 'Godfather of Biodiversity'

portrait of Thomas Lovejoy

  • Thomas Lovejoy, "the Godfather of Biodiversity," is a professor in the Environmental Science and Policy Department.  The  houses the Thomas E. Lovejoy Library, and Lovejoy also serves as scientific director of Mason's . Before coming to Mason, he held the biodiversity chair at the Heinz Center for Science, Economics and the Environment and was president from 2002 to 2008. In 2016, he was selected as a U.S. science envoy by the . A trip to the Amazon influenced him to establish a conservation program at the World Wildlife Fund-U.S., which he led from 1973 to 1987. He is founder of the public television series .  In 2009, he was appointed conservation fellow by the . He has also served on the science and environmental councils under Presidents Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, and Bill Clinton, and he currently serves as senior fellow at the United Nations Foundation. In September 2019, Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam recognized Lovejoy's work with the Outstanding STEM Award.

 

Fighting Crime Across International Borders

portrait of Louise ShelleyPortrait of Naoru Koizumi, of the Schar School of Policy and Government

  • , director of the  (TraCCC), and , director of research within the , lead multidisciplinary research teams investigating and disrupting illicit supply networks. TraCCC is the first center in the nation devoted to understanding the links among terrorism, transnational crime, and corruption. The center and its international research partners study: human smuggling and trafficking; nuclear proliferation issues; the links between crime and terrorism; money laundering and other financial crimes; the impact of organized crime and terrorism on legitimate business; and environmental crimes.

 

 

 

Leading a Division of the Smithsonian

portrait of Mason's Spencer Crew

  •  worked behind the scenes as a guest curator for six years to bring an exhibit at the  to life, and in June 2019, he  was named interim director of the museum. He created one of the three history exhibitions for the facility, all of which chronologically tell the story of blacks in the United States — from the Middle Passage to the election of former President Barack Obama. Crew became a guest curator for the museum largely because of his past experience as a curator, historian, and director at the . He created an exhibit about African American migration called  which was displayed for more than 20 years. His part of the exhibit at the African American History and Culture museum,covers the post-Reconstruction period to the assassination of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. 

 

 

Studying T-Cells to Target HIV

Portrait of Dr. Yuntao Wu

  • 's is the lead scientist on a research team that helped identify a T cell marker that could help lead to improved treatment for HIV and cancer patients. The research focuses on cofilin, a protein that regulates cells to fight infection. In an HIV-infected patient, cofilin dysfunction is a key factor in helper T cell defects, according to the in the journal . Helper T cells augment the body’s immune response by recognizing the presence of a foreign antigen, then helping the immune system mount a response. Wu and his team found that patients with HIV have “significantly lower” levels of cofilin phosphorylation than healthy patients. Their findings suggest that a lasting immune control to HIV isn’t likely to come from antiretroviral therapy alone.

 

 

 

Reducing a Community's Obesity Rates

portrait of Sina Gallo, a professor in the Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, with Mason colleagues , a kinesiology professor, and  from the Department of Psychology, earned a $117,468 grant from the  for VALÉ: A Multidisciplinary Childhood Obesity Treatment Program for Latino Communities. The multidisciplinary team aims to help decrease obesity rates among Latino children. Latinos are the fastest growing population in the United States and make up the largest minority group in the Potomac Health Foundation’s service area. This group has emerged as one in need of community health-based outreach efforts, but programs that provide tailored care for Latinos are limited. Latinos experience food insecurity at more than double the typical rate, and Latino children are disproportionately affected by obesity. At-risk children get access to a culturally adapted and comprehensive weight management program, which could help families lead healthier lifestyles.

Uncovering a History of the Maya

portrait of Mason's Garry Sparks’s team is unraveling the secrets of an ancient document, the , translating it from the Mayan language of K’iche’ to English and Spanish. Their research, funded by the , sheds light on how the first Spanish missionaries shared their faith in the New World in the 1500s. The Spanish explorers who spread through the West Indies and the mainland of the Americas were accompanied by Franciscan and Dominican missionaries equipped with sermons, catechisms, and songbooks. They translated their lessons to the languages of the people they encountered. But the Theologia Indorum, written in the 1550s by Dominican friar Domingo de Vico, goes beyond a simple translated catechism. It was initially composed in K’iche’, an indigenous language still spoken by more than a million Guatemalans, then translated into other related Mayan languages. Reading it in the context of Maya writings indicates not only how Christianity was transmitted to the native population, but how those populations received it.

 

 

Creating a New Way to Detect Tuberculosis

portrait of Alessandra Luchiniportrait of Lance Liotta, researcher at MasonAn international team led by and developed a nanotechnology that can measure a sugar molecule in urine that identifies tuberculosis, setting the stage for a less-invasive test of the disease that could be the difference between life and death in underdeveloped parts of the world. In an published in , Luchini and Liotta reported that a sugar molecule called “LAM,” which comes from the surface of the tuberculosis bacteria, can be measured in the urine of all patients with active tuberculosis, regardless of whether they have a simultaneous infection with another pathogen (e.g. HIV). Current methods of detection – skin tests, blood tests, and chest X-rays – are often expensive and not always available in rural settings. Urine is considered an ideal body fluid for a TB test because it can be easily and noninvasively collected.

 

 

Increasing Flight Safety

portrait of Lance Sherryportrait of John ShortleThe  received two grants from to study airline accidents and accident-prevention strategies威尼斯人澳门官网. The grants have led to the research and creation of technology that would advise pilots of potential accident situations. , director of the center, and  are the primary investigators. The team developed technology that uses machine-learning algorithms to process massive amounts of flight and weather data collected about anomalies that occur during flights across the country. These data are then used to create tips or advisories for pilots to prevent them from encountering potential accident scenarios. The team is also applying these ideas to autonomous vehicles.

 

 

 

Developing Technology for More Effective Police Work

portrait of Chris Koperand  conduct research in such areas as technology, evidence-based crime policy, translational criminology, and assessing federal agencies' security efforts. They developed the (with PhD student ) and the , tools to help police incorporate research into their strategic and tactical skills. The Matrix organizes moderate to very rigorous evaluations of police interventions visually, allowing agencies and researchers to view the field of research in this area. It's updated with  each year. Drs. Lum and Koper have also written a book about their work, , published by . On Sept. 17, 2019, Drs. Lum and Koper led the presentation, “Countering Mass Shootings in the United States,” to members of Congress.